' WHAT IS PRIVATIZATION? DefinitionThe term "privatization" poses many problems for its definition, as hosts a multitude of possibilities. Perhaps in these cases, it is best to go to the dictionary, such as the Royal Academy of details for us: "Transferring a business or public to private sector activity." Therefore, we see that not only involves the sale of property rights in companies (shares). The definition also includes the transfer of public assets to private sector (eg private security guards guarding public buildings). Going a little further, understand privatization as an economic, political and social restructuring. As we propose Brugué and Goma (1996), to focus the discussion, we analyze the privatization by setting 3 areas: · Regulation (economic, social and administrative) • Distribution · Ownership. In each of these aspects, the activity can be performed or by the public sector or the private sector. In the case of regulation, or it may be the public authority that set the framework or the market and therefore supposedly free competition. In distribution, although regulation is carried out by the private sector can in turn be done publicly through the budget or privately through competition, and finally, ownership of the entity that production can be public or private'
How is privatized? The first phase of privatization of a company is preparing the sale, even though the pressure of the situation can be considered one of the most important factors that affects the speed with which it comes to selling the company also involves elements of determining policy for the preparation of the sale. The restructuring is a step towards privatization, in some cases, the restructuring is absolutely necessary to promote competition and facilitate the sale, but restructuring has risks and substantial problems. First, an operation may be too time consuming, resulting in losing the opportunity to privatize. Second, can claim significant resources which the state lacks. Third, the restructuring may be that reducing the number of potentially interested parties if it does not match the investment programs that the latter have. For these reasons it is possible to conclude that the restructuring of public enterprises as a prelude to privatization should only be run when any of the following three conditions. When you need to allow or promote competition When it is absolutely necessary to enable the sale When the state has clear advantages for the private sector to advance the restructuring involved. Restructure for these reasons, such as the possibility of improving the final sale price of the company, implies the assumption that the state has greater capacity to add value to the private sector, this is an activity which is recalling precisely the state. In this sense we can say that the same reasons that lead to privatization should lead to let the private sector is the task of restructuring enterprises to be privatized. The second phase of privatization is the method of sale, so far have experienced a wide range of schemes or arrangements for privatization and continues to innovate in this field. As there is no fixed pattern, obviously the form of privatization has been a high degree determined by the type of business or activity that is privatized, but in general, the formula that has prevailed is that of finding a strategic investor to which is sold a percentage of shares the company's control. Another percentage of shares, usually between 4% and 20%, is sold to the workers of the privatized company and the rest takes the government to the capital market. This was the scheme used in the sale of telecommunications, electricity and many others. We could say that this has been the predominant pattern in large enterprises. The objective of a strategic investor for large companies to be privatized has clearly prevailed over other policy objectives such as capital market development. In the block sale of shares to strategic investors has largely dominated the bidding. This has contributed significantly to give transparency to the privatization process, which in turn has helped to give it political viability. In this sense it is worthy to note that, with the privatization process which are involved in continuous and large commercial operations, no such process has become, as forecast in some cases, a center of scandal or corruption in any country Latin America. Having developed the scheme on the method of sale proceeds to the third step, the selection criteria of the buyers, as with the method of sale has not been a single method or even within each country to select final buyers of public enterprises for privatization. However, you may notice a fact and a dominant trend: The price offered was the most important element for the selection of new investors. The price offered tends to be the only factor to decide the selection of the new owner. In many cases of privatization in Latin America, the price offered by investors concerned has had a high or dominant weighting in the final selection, but this is not the only element. He also gave some weight to the investment plans of competitors.However, in more recent cases of privatization, the minimum investment program of government and defends it becomes a requirement the same for all investors. These, having been already prequalified, competing strictly on the basis of the price. The use of a single criterion (especially the price) for the selection of purchasers of the company has two major advantages. Greatly simplifies the selection process, to refer to a single metric to quantify and, therefore, give greater transparency to the process. Having previously been pre-qualified potential investors and being similarly defined the minimum investment plan (when it should be) by the state, ensures that whatever the winner from among the buyers, they will have made a good decision.
Who's buying? The question of who buy public companies, has been a topic of debate throughout Latin America and generally in all countries with important privatization programs.Three types of concerns have emerged force: Concern about the "denationalization" Concern about the "monopoly" Concern about the "quality of private sector buyer" On the issue of "denationalization" it is clear that privatization has been used to apprehend and bring the region volumes of foreign investment. But that was expressly intended target of the policy. Moreover, privatization (as noted elsewhere) has generally been developed with the context of a much broader policy which, among other things, has significantly liberalized foreign investment codes. But the presence of larger amounts of foreign capital (which the nation needs) can not be confused with the "denationalization" of the economy in the sense that the state or national lose control over its economy. Such is not true for two reasons: Firstly, because when looking at how domestic and foreign participation in privatization processes in different countries, we find that in general national had a much stronger leadership role. Secondly, because next to the privatization process has been a renewal of the state apparatus, measured at least in its regulatory capacity, far from weakening it stronger.
I wanted to share this interesting explanation about what is privatization and within all this rules and regulations is always the constant of just 'getting money' above all life.
Everything is privatized - water, food, animals, natural resources, electricity, light ---well, everything
Who decided and invented this rule where people that was only considering one motive and this was only getting money and taking advantage of those who don´t have to build this reign of abuse and inequalities through Money.
As Desteni have shared Money is not the 'enemy' against life - we are- until we don´t stop our spitefulness and egos towards everything that is here and change this atrocities.
This 'Rules and Regulations' based only to make a benefit for some and an abuse for others. So, rules that are not Practical = Simple that considers everyone equally - and not just human beings but the Earth
So, eliminating all this and building our society in Equality and and also the system and we place an Equal Money system nothing will be 'private' everything will be here equally for everyone and getting out that rule where states that for generating profit and power the only way is giving a price to something that is free.
The Planet Earth has everything and is free. All the goods we are paying for are free, but we are paying them to feed the empire and the wealth of a few and not for everyone equally.
So, we have in Abundance for real!
There are food
There are water
There are electricity
Everything is here - cause Earth is not placing a value and a price on life - and is not waiting for a remuneration. Only we as HUman thinks/believes give value towards things, thoughts, people -Life.
I am one Vote for World Equality to stop this stupid rules of Privatizing Life
Vote for an Equal Money system